By Stephen Grossberg
Those books collect fresh neural types of imaginative and prescient, speech and language reputation and bear in mind, cognitive self-organization, conditioning, reinforcement, motivation, realization, circadian rhythms, motor regulate, and likely psychological problems. as well as unifying and predicting interdisciplinary info from psychology, psychophysiology, neurophysiology, neuropharmacology, and anatomy, the paintings indicates new real-time circuit designs for laptop imaginative and prescient and speech units, self-organizing development acceptance machines, parallel processors, and adaptive robots.
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Additional resources for Adaptive Brain
The arousal, in turn, is needed to elicit sampling signals to F ( I ) , We now show that the CS-activated cells that sample A and that receive feedback from A cannot be the same cells. Figure 6 depicts the four general ways in which the CS can act. Figure 6a is impossible for the following reason. The CS-activated cells F ( 2 )cannot fire on recall trials unless they are aroused by A. Hence the cells that sample A cannot be the same as the cells that are aroused by A. :’ excites the second stage TI$’, and in which one stage samples A and the other stage is aroused by A.
1;). A Theory of Reinforcement, Drive, Motivation, and Attention Figure 7. CSI can reverberate in STM a t 17 $' as it emits sampling signals to A without being able to fire the polyvalent sampling cells vfi). v(i) to F ( I ) . Consequently, the C'S begins to acquire UCS properties, both by learning to control the arousal pathway A, and by learning to elicit (a component of) the UCS-induced pattern a t F ( I ) . Path equivalence also provides an elegant answer to the question: how does the UCS arouse the CS with just the right time lag to sample UCS onset a t F ( ' ) ?
We do not, however, assume equipotentiality of connections; namely, it is not necessary to our argument that each sensory representation projects to all drive representations, or that it projects with the same path strength t o any pair of drive representations. Such asymmetries can influence if and how long learning can take, or even whether or not a particular learned behavior will be masked by a competing and more salient behavior. However they do not influence the primary network structure that our postulates imply, They are rather species-specific variations on this primary structure (Bitterman and Mackintosh, 1969; Seligman and Hager, 1972).
Adaptive Brain by Stephen Grossberg